Email  Imprimir  Favoritos | Más


Toda esta información está basada en evidencia científica. Para obtener más información puedes buscar las siguientes referencias bibliográficas:

Advocates for Youth. Science and Success. Sex education and other programs that work to prevent teen pregnancy, HIV and sexually transmitted infections. Washington, DC. 2008. Disponible en internet en:

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologist. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 110: Noncontraceptive uses of hormonal contraceptives. Obstet Gynecol 2010; 115: 206-18

Edelman A, Jensen JT, Bulechowsky M, Cameron J. Combined oral contraceptives and body weight: do oral contraceptives cause weight gain? A primate model. Hum Reprod 2011; 26:  330

Epperly TD, Moore KE. Health issues in men: part I: common genitourinary disorders. Am Fam Physician 2000;61:3657-64

Farrow A et al. ALSPAC Study Team. Children of the 90s. Prolonged use of oral contraception before a planned pregnancy is associated with a decreased risk of delayed conception. Human Reprod 2002; 17 (10): 2754-61.   

Ilaria G et al. Detection of HIV-1 DNA sequences in pre-ejaculatory fluid. Lancet 1992;340:1469

International Planned Parenthood Federation. Un solo currículo. 2010. Disponible en:

Kunz G et al. Sonographic evidence for the involvement of the utero-ovarian counter current system in the ovarian control of directed uterine sperm transport. Hum Reprod Update 1998; 4: 667-72

Kunz G et al. The dynamics of rapid sperm transport through the female genital tract: evidence from vaginal sonography of uterine peristalsis and hysterosalpingoscintigraphy. Hum Reprod 1996; 11: 627-32

Kunz G et al. The uterine peristaltic pump - normal and impeded sperm transport within the female genital tract. Advances  Exp Med Biol 1996; 424:267-77

Kunz G et al. Uterine peristalsis during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle. Effects of oestrogen, antioestrogen and oxytocin. Hum Reprod Update 1998; 4: 647-54

Marchesi DE, Petrilli D, Hawkins E, Xuimei W, Feng L, Hershlag A. How long does sperm live? Fertil Steril 96:S78. 0-267

Metz ME, Pryor JL. Premature ejaculation: a psychophysiological approach for assessment and management. J Sex Marital Ther 2000;26:293-320

Morales A. Developmental status of topical therapies for erectile and ejaculatory dysfunction. Int J Impot Res 2000;12(suppl 4):S80-5

Nelson AL. 5 strategies to improve contraceptive success for your patients. Sex Reprod Menop J, Feb 2009; 13

Ory H. Oral Contraception for Younger Woman: The Benefits of the Low-Dose Pill. Can Fam Physician 1986; 32: 1661-4

Overstreet JW. Transport of gametes in the reproductive tract of the female mammal. 1983. En: Hartmann JF (eds). Mechanism and Control of Animal Fertilzation. New York: Academic Press.

Pierson R et al. A new model for ovarian follicular development during the human menstrual cycle. Fertil Steril 2003; 80(1): 116-22

Pudney J et al. Pre-ejaculatory fluid as potential vector for sexual transmission of HIV-1. Lancet 1992;340:1470

Redmon G. Use of placebo controls in an oral contraceptive trial: methodological issues and adverse event incidence. Contraception 1999; 60: 81-5. 

Rosen RC. Prevalence and risk factors of sexual dysfunction in men and women. Curr Psychiatry Rep 2000;2:189-95

Simons JS, Carey MP. Prevalence of sexual dysfunctions: results from a decade of research. Arch Sex Behav. 2001;30:177-219

Suárez SS y Pacey AA. Sperm transport in the female reproductive tract. Human Reprod Update 2006; 12(1): 23-37

Tarín JJ et al. Acute stress may induce ovulation in women. Reprod Bio Endocrinol 2010;8:53

The ESHRE Capri Workshop Group. Noncontraceptive health benefits of combined oral contraception. Hum Reprod Update 2005;11:513-25 

Zukerman Z et al. Does preejaculatory penile secretion originating from Cowper's gland contain sperm? J Assist Reprod Genet 2003;20:157-9